Authors: Cornelissen, Gerard; Amstaetter, Katja; Hauge, Audun; Schaanning, Morten; Beylich, Bjørnar; Gunnarsson, Jonas S.; Breedveld, Gijs D.; Oen, Amy M.P.; Eek, Espen
Reference: Cornelissen, Gerard; Amstaetter, Katja; Hauge, Audun; Schaanning, Morten; Beylich, Bjørnar; Gunnarsson, Jonas S.; Breedveld, Gijs D.; Oen, Amy M.P.; Eek, Espen (2012) Large-Scale Field Study on Thin-Layer Capping of Marine PCDD/FContaminated Sediments in
Summary: A large-scale field experiment on in situ thin-layer capping was carried out in the polychlorinated dibenzodioxin and dibenzofuran (PCDD/F) contaminated Grenlandsfjords, Norway. The main focus of the trial was to test the effectiveness of active caps (targeted thickness of 2.5 cm) consisting of powdered activated carbon (AC) mixed into locally dredged clean clay. Nonactive caps (targed thickness of 5 cm) consisting of clay without AC as well as crushed limestone were also tested. Fields with areas of 10 000 to 40 000 m2 were established at 30 to 100 m water depth. Auxiliary shaken laboratory batch experiments showed that 2% of the applied powdered AC substantially reduced PCDD/F porewater concentrations, by >90% for tetra-, penta- and hexa-clorinated congeners to 60–70% for octachlorinated ones. In-situ AC profiles revealed that the AC was mixed into the sediment to 3 to 5 cm depth in 20 months.
What You Will Find Here: Remediation (PCDD/F p. 12030), Field Demonstration p. 12031, Thin-Layer Placement p.12031, Monitoring p. 12031, p. 12033